Think Critically and Communicate Your Ideas
The Analytical Writing Assessment Section of the GMAT™ exam requires that you analyze the reasoning behind a given argument and write a critique of that argument. Your ability to think critically and to communicate your ideas through an essay in English is measured.
The Analytical Writing Assessment section consists of one 30-minute writing task—Analysis of an Argument. The arguments on the test include topics of general interest related to business, or a variety of other subjects. Specific knowledge of the essay topic is not necessary; only your capacity to write analytically is assessed.
Analysis of an Argument in the Analytical Writing Assessment Section
In the Analysis of an Argument section you will discuss how well reasoned you find a given argument. To do so, you will analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. Before writing you will want to take a few minutes to evaluate the argument and plan your response. Your ideas will need to be organized and fully developed. You will want to leave time to reread your response and make revisions, but remember you only have 30 minutes.
How Will Your Analysis of an Argument be Evaluated?
AWA essays are scored by a combination of a machine algorithm and professional human essay raters. All essays will be scored using an electronic system, which will evaluate the structural and linguistic features of the essay, including organization of ideas, syntactic variety and topical analysis. Some essays are then randomly selected for auditing to ensure the quality, consistency, and performance of the algorithm. The audit is conducted by trained and approved human raters to ensure the algorithm is constantly evaluating AWA essays in a manner that meets both GMAC and ACT standards and upholds the integrity of the AWA section score. If there is a disparity between the algorithm score and the human score for an audited essay, the score will be reviewed, and may be adjusted.
Analytical Writing Assessment Rescoring Service
You may request rescoring of your AWA by an independent reader for a fee of US$45. Requests for rescoring must be made within six months of your test date. A request received after six months will not be honored.
Five Things to Know About Rescoring
- Rescoring results are final, i.e., you may not submit more than one rescore request.
- Rescoring could result in an increase or decrease in your original AWA score.
- Revised results are sent to you and the programs you designated as score recipients approximately 20 days after your request is received.
- Once your rescoring request is processed the fee will not be refunded.
- To request rescoring, please contact GMAT Customer Service.
Note: The Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative and Verbal sections of the GMAT exam cannot be rescored.
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Test Your Analytical Writing Assessment Skills
In addition to the Analytical Writing Assessment section sample argument below, you can download a full list of the possible Analysis of an Argument Topics you will see on the GMAT exam.
Sample Analysis of an Argument Problem
In this section, you will be asked to write a critique of the argument presented. You are NOT being asked to present your own views on the subject. Specifically,
- Evaluate the argument and plan a response before you begin writing
- Organize your ideas and develop them fully
- Provide relevant supporting reasons and examples
The following appeared in the editorial section of a monthly business news magazine:
"Most companies would agree that as the risk of physical injury occurring on the job increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. Hence it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer: they could thus reduce their payroll expenses and save money."
Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion.
You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.
The following is an actual AWA essay that received the highest rating:
This argument states that it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer because by making the workplace safer then lower wages could be paid to employees. This conclusion is based on the premise that as the list of physical injury increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase.
However, there are several assumptions that may not necessarily apply to this argument. For example, the costs associated with making the workplace safe must outweigh the increased payroll expenses due to hazardous conditions. Also, one must look at the plausibility of improving the work environment. And finally, because most companies agree that as the risk of injury increases so will wages doesn't necessarily mean that all companies which have hazardous work environments agree.
The first issue to be addressed is whether increased labor costs justify large capital expenditures to improve the work environment. Clearly one could argue that if making the workplace safe would cost an exorbitant amount of money in comparison to leaving the workplace as is and paying slightly increased wages than it would not make sense to improve the work environment. For example, if making the workplace safe would cost $100 million versus additional payroll expenses of only $5,000 per year, it would make financial sense to simply pay the increased wages. No business or business owner with any sense would pay all that extra money just to save a couple dollars and improve employee health and relations. To consider this, a cost benefit analysis must be made. I also feel that although a cost benefit analysis should be the determining factor with regard to these decisions making financial sense, it may not be the determining factor with regard to making social, moral and ethical sense.
This argument also relies on the idea that companies solely use financial sense in analyzing improving the work environment. This is not the case. Companies look at other considerations such as the negative social ramifications of high on-job injuries. For example, Toyota spends large amounts of money improving its environment because while its goal is to be profitable, it also prides itself on high employee morale and an almost perfectly safe work environment. However, Toyota finds that it can do both, as by improving employee health and employee relations they are guaranteed a more motivated staff, and hence a more efficient staff; this guarantees more money for the business as well as more safety for the employees.
Finally one must understand that not all work environments can be made safer. For example, in the case of coal mining, a company only has limited ways of making the work environment safe. While companies may be able to ensure some safety precautions, they may not be able to provide all the safety measures necessary. In other words, a mining company has limited ability to control the air quality within a coal mine and therefore it cannot control the risk of employees getting Blacklung. In other words, regardless of the intent of the company, some jobs are simply dangerous in nature.
In conclusion, while at first it may seem to make financial sense to improve the safety of the work environment sometimes it truly does not make financial sense. Furthermore, financial sense may not be the only issue a company faces. Other types of analyses must be made such as the social ramifications of an unsafe work environment and the overall ability of a company to improve that environment (i.e., coal mine). Before any decision is made, all these things must be considered, not simply the reduction of payroll expenses.