Your Official Score Report includes several ways to interpret your exam results. Each of your five GMAT exam scores (Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment, and Total) is reported on a fixed scale and includes a percentile ranking. This information (along with your background information such as your GMAT ID, exam date, appointment number, etc.) appears on the Official GMAT Score Report that you and your designated score recipients (graduate business programs) receive.
Your score is valid for five years, giving you the flexibility to send your score to schools when you are ready.