Two types of multiple-choice questions are used in the Quantitative section of the GMAT® exam—Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency.
The Quantitative section of the GMAT measures the ability to reason quantitatively, solve quantitative problems, and interpret graphic data.
Problem-Solving and Data-Sufficiency questions are intermingled throughout the section. Both types of questions require knowledge of:
- Elementary algebra
- Commonly known concepts of geometry
The Quantitative section of the GMAT® exam measures the test taker's ability to:
- Reason quantitatively, solve quantitative problems, and interpret graphic data
- Understand problems involving arithmetic, elementary algebra, and common geometry concepts
- Evaluate the amount of information needed to solve quantitative problems
For an example of this type of question and directions for answering, go to Sample Problem-Solving Question.
Data-Sufficiency questions are designed to measure your ability to:
- Analyze a quantitative problem
- Recognize which information is relevant
- Determine at what point there is sufficient information to solve a problem
Data-Sufficiency questions are accompanied by some initial information and two statements, labeled (1) and (2). You must decide whether the statements given offer enough data to enable you to answer the question. You must choose one of the following answers:
- Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) is not sufficient
- Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) is not sufficient
- BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient
- EACH statement ALONE is sufficient
- Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient
For an example of this type of question and directions for answering, go to Sample Data-Sufficiency Question.