Understanding Your Score Report
Score reports include all GMAT® scores from tests taken in the last five (5) years. The contact and demographic information that was required for you to register for the test will also appear on your score report.
If the score recipients you select have opted to receive it, the digital photograph you provided at the test center will be sent with your Official Score Report. In addition, the following background data you may have provided during registration or on the day of the test may also appear: telephone number; undergraduate institution, grade point average (GPA), major, and date of graduation; intended graduate study; and the highest level of education attained. These data are self-reported and will be marked as such.
For each of your scores on the GMAT test (Verbal, Quantitative, Total, Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning) you will receive a percentile rank, or the proportion of exams scoring below your score you based on the scores of the entire GMAT testing population for the most recent three-year period. Your percentile rank may change from year to year. However, your scaled score never changes.
Because the Integrated Reasoning section was introduced only recently, percentiles will be updated every month through 2012 to reflect the growing pool of test takers who have taken the Integrated Reasoning section. From 2013 on, the IR percentiles will be updated yearly on the same schedule as the other scores.
Understand Your Total, Verbal, and Quantitative Scores
Total GMAT scores range from 200 to 800. Two-thirds of test takers score between 400 and 600.
The Verbal and Quantitative scores range from 0 to 60. Scores below 9 and above 44 for the Verbal section or below 7 and above 50 for the Quantitative section are rare. Both scores are on a fixed scale and can be compared across all GMAT test administrations. The Verbal and Quantitative scores measure different constructs and cannot be compared to each other.
If you do not finish in the allotted time, you will still receive scores as long as you have worked on every section. However, your scores will be calculated based upon the number of questions answered, and your score will decrease significantly with each unanswered question.
Understand Your Analytical Writing Assessment Score
The Analytical Writing Assessment score is based on one Analysis of an Argument essay. Essays are scored independently twice and then averaged. Scores for the AWA range from 0 to 6 in half-point intervals.
Writing scores are computed separately from the multiple-choice scores and have no effect on the Verbal, Quantitative, or Total scores.
Each essay in the AWA section will be given two independent ratings, one of which may be performed by an automated essay-scoring engine. The automated essay-scoring engine is an electronic system that evaluates more than 50 structural and linguistic features, including organization of ideas, syntactic variety, and topical analysis.
If the two ratings differ by more than one point, another evaluation by an expert reader is required to resolve the discrepancy and determine the final score.
College and university faculty members trained as readers for the AWA will consider the following:
- The overall quality of your ideas about the argument presented
- Your overall ability to organize, develop, and express those ideas
- The relevant supporting reasons and examples you used
- Your ability to control the elements of standard written English
In considering the elements of standard written English, readers are trained to be sensitive and fair in evaluating the responses of examinees whose first language is not English.
If you have reason to believe that your score for the Analytical Writing Assessment portion of the GMAT test is not accurate, you may request that your essay be rescored using the Essay Rescore Request Form.
Understand Your Integrated Reasoning Score
Integrated Reasoning scores range from 1 to 8 in single-digit intervals. Like the AWA, the IR scores are computed separately from the Quantitative and Verbal sections and have no effect on the Total score.
Most Integrated Reasoning questions require more than one response. Because the questions are designed to test your ability to integrate data to solve complex problems, you must answer all responses to a question correctly to receive credit.
Get Your Official GMAT Score Report
When you schedule your GMAT appointment, you will be asked to indicate if you wish to access your Official Score Report online or in the mail. Please note that you must respond to the essay prompt and work on each of the other sections to obtain an Official Score Report.
Unofficial scores from the Verbal and Quantitative sections, along with the Total score, are available immediately after you complete the test. The unofficial score report will also contain an authorization number.
If you chose to receive your Official Score Report online, you will generally receive an email within 20 calendar days of testing, with a link to access your Official Score Report online. After clicking the link you must enter the authorization number from the unofficial score report to view the Official Score Report. You may view, download, or print your Official Score Report, which includes the AWA and IR scores.
If you opted to receive your Official Score Report by mail, it will be sent to you approximately 20 calendar days after testing. It may take longer than 20 calendar days for the Official Score Report to reach you due to variances in delivery time.
Programs that you select to receive your scores while at the test center will receive your Official Score Report approximately 20 calendar days after testing. If you send your scores to programs by ordering an Additional Score Report after your testing experience, those programs will receive your scores in approximately seven calendar days after your score has become reportable.
How Retaking the GMAT Exam Affects Your Score
You may want to take the GMAT test more than once. However, unless your scores seem unusually low compared with other indicators of your preparation for graduate management study, or unless there are other reasons to believe that you did not do your best on a test for which scores have been reported, taking the GMAT test again may not be helpful.
Statistically, retesting is unlikely to result in a substantial increase in your scores; in fact, your scores may decrease. If you repeat the test, all scores for tests you have taken in the past five years will still be reported to the graduate management programs you designate as score recipients. If you repeat the test and want to resend your scores to programs that previously received your scores, you must reselect the programs when you retake the test or order an Additional Score Report after your exam with the appropriate fee. Any repeated GMAT testing is subject to the GMAT retest policy.
Compare Your Scores with a Previous Version of the GMAT Exam
If you have taken the previous version of the GMAT exam, your Analytical Writing Assessment, Quantitative, Verbal, and Total scores are directly comparable to the current exam. (The AWA was based on two essays, but studies showed that most test takers got similar scores on both essays, so one essay was dropped for the current version of the exam.)
The Integrated Reasoning (IR) section is not offered separately. If you have taken the previous version but would like an IR score, you will have to retake the entire exam. If you choose to report your scores, you must report all of them.
If you retake the GMAT exam with Integrated Reasoning, any Official Score Reports sent to schools will contain all reported scores from the past five years, including scores from the previous version, which do not include Integrated Reasoning.